Last February, we published the result of a thorough study on the legal and regulatory measures framing the sharing of data in the transport sector. Led by the KU Leuven University, our analysis has demonstrated the existence of a complex and fragmented legal landscape regulating data, and by extension, data sharing. This is mainly caused by the lack of, firstly, a uniform legal definition of data and secondly, of a commonly accepted legal status of data. Indeed, a significant part of the data do not have a default legal status as intangible assets.

The objective of this study was to compile the current EU legal and regulatory frameworks for data sharing and re-use in the transport sector (covering all transport modes), and to identify potential legal gaps that need to be addressed for the smooth operation of transport/mobility data spaces.

The analysis conducted has dealt with both horizontally applicable and sector-specific (vertical) legislation. Starting with a presentation of the European Commission’s successive strategies on the topic, it then focused on specific regulatory initiatives such as the famous General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), the E-Privacy Directive, the Public Sector Information Directive, etc. A chapter zooms on digital platforms, while another one focuses on intelligent transport systems. An important chapter addresses the data governance act as well.

Finally, an analysis of the legal gap to be covered for the implementation of mobility as a service (MaaS) is conducted, defining the data types and stakeholders involved.


Read our report and conclusions in the publications section of this website!

Our colleagues from KU Leuven will be happy to discuss their results with any interested stakeholders!